Daviel, Jacques

SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
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b. 11 August 1696 La Barre, Normandy, France
d. 30 September 1762 Geneva, Switzerland
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French ophthalmic surgeon who originated the technique of the removal of the cataractous lens of the eye.
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Apprenticed in surgery to his uncle in Rouen, he became a student surgeon in the French Army in 1713. In 1719 he was honoured for his work during an outbreak of plague in Marseille, and in 1723 he was appointed Surgeon to the Hôtel-Dieu. In 1746 he moved to Paris, and in 1749 he became Surgeon-Oculist to Louis XV. Although he had, like many others, performed couchings (intra-ocular displacement of the lens) for the treatment of cataracts, his dissection of cadavers at Marseille led him to attempt the actual removal from the eye of the opaque lens. He performed the first such operation on a monk of Provence on 8 April 1745, and by 1753 he was able to report 115 cases with 100 successes. The difficulties of the technique precluded its immediate adoption, and couching remained the standard treatment for much of the century.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
Cross of the Knights of Saint Roch. Corresponding member of the Royal Academy of Surgery.
Bibliography
1748, "Lettre sur les maladies des yeux", Mercure de France.
1753, "Sur une nouvelle méthode de guérir la cataracte par l'extraction du crystallin", Mem. Acad. roy. chir. Paris.
Further Reading
S.Duke-Elder, 1969, System of Ophthalmology, Vol. 11, London.
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Daviel —   [da vjɛl], Jacques, französischer Augenarzt, * La Barre en Ouche (bei Évreux) 11. 4. 1696, ✝ Genf 30. 9. 1762; wurde 1749 Augenarzt Ludwigs XV., erfand 1745 die Staroperation mittels Linsenentfernung nach vorausgegangenem Lappenschnitt (»Deux… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Daviel — Jacques, French oculist, 1693–1762. See D. operation, D. spoon …   Medical dictionary

  • Jacques Daviel — Buste de Daviel à l Hôtel Dieu de Marseille Jacques Daviel, né vers 11 août 1693 à La Barre en Ouche et mort le 30 septembre 1762 à Genève, est un chirurgien et ophtalmologue français …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques Daviel — Büste von Jacques Daviel im Hôtel Dieu de Marseille Jacques Daviel (* vermutlich am 11. August 1693 oder 1696 in La Barre en Ouche in der Normandie; † 30. September 1762 in Genf) war ein französischer Augenarzt, der eine bis Ende des 20.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Daviel operation spoon — Da·vi·el operation, spoon (dah ve elґ) [Jacques Daviel, French oculist, 1696–1762, originator of treatment of cataract by extraction of the lens] see under operation and spoon …   Medical dictionary

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